The title of his poem, "Dulce et Decorum Est," is actually a reference to one of Horace's Odes. Owen is known for his wrenching descriptions of suffering in war.
In this context, the apostrophe (“My friend”) reveals the intended reader of “Dulce et Decorum Est”: a patriot persuaded by war propaganda and who encourages young men to seek “desperate glory” by fighting for their country. They mean "It is sweet and right." The full saying ends the poem: Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori - it is sweet and right to die for your country. Wilfred Owen’s “Dulce Et Decorum Est” describes the gruesome and frantic moment when war-weary soldiers suffer a gas attack, but the “helpless” speaker watches one soldier, who is unable to reach his mask on time, “choking” and “drowning” in the fumes.
After all, pretty much every major novelist and/or poet who's ever written anything has something to say on the subject. The huge difference between the title and the descriptive opening line shocks the reader, making the poem more interesting. Owen does this by regaling very sad and often shocking poems that I believe are very effective in delivering their purpose. OK, so Wilfred Owen doesn't have a lock on death. ‘Dulce et decorum est…’ is the first part of a Latin phrase which means ‘It is noble and right to die for your country’. Calling Card.
For Owen, however, death i... Tough-O-Meter. In line 14 and 16 of “Dulce et Decorum Est” the overall rhyme scheme of paired couplets is slightly altered when the speaker repeats the word drowning at the end of line 16. Like most of Owen's work, it was written between August 1917 and September 1918, while he was fighting in World War 1. This line uses an apostrophe, or an address to someone or something that is not in a position to respond. DULCE ET DECORUM EST - the first words of a Latin saying (taken from an ode by Horace). Wilfred Owen's "Dulce et Decorum Est" is a powerful antiwar poem which takes place on a battlefield during World War I. Imagery, Metaphors, and Diction in Dulce et Decorum Est All exceptional poetry displays a good use of figurative language, imagery, and diction. The words were widely understood and often quoted at the start of the First World War. "Dulce et Decorum Est" is a poem by the English poet Wilfred Owen. Dulce et Decorum est and Anthem for Doomed Youth are both written by Wilfred Owen, and both are written to show “the war [World War I] and the pity of war”. The poet does this to emphasize not only what is occurring, but also to create a sense of urgency in the reader’s mind. Owen’s description of the soldiers and the conditions they are fighting in completely undermines this idea.